Explain the idea of socialization and how useful can it be in understanding individual behavior?
Socialization is the process in which a person learns the way of life of his/her contemporary society, learn the technique of the transact and evolves the capacity as well as the potential to function both because an individual and since a member of the society by simply internalizing the culture in which the society is based on. Socialization can be described as life-long method occurring by any means stages in life starting from the afternoon the individual is born.
Naturally, sociologists believe that most (if not all) man behavior is a learned response and not instinctual. They have to learn to rely and cooperate with others to satisfy the basic needs. What make this cooperation conceivable are behavioral pattern and a system of communication shared by the members of a culture. Sociologists believe besides consuming, breathing -- there is no various other human patterns that is genetically coded.
Throughout the process of socialization a human being is definitely taught the necessary skills demanded for moving into the society. The person can communicate efficiently and develop the ability to examine, speak and write.
Socialization is what makes all of us different from pets or animals. Through socialization an individual is going to internalize the norms and values of society. By doing this, the individual can develop the sense of self. He may be aware of his place in the society, create a distinct enterprise, apart from other folks and issues.
The process of socialization can be divided into primary socialization that starts from infanthood by simply family members and secondary socialization by brokers other than the family like the school, expert groups and mass media.
The family is the key agent of socialization. Infants are totally dependent on individuals around them. The family supplies protection, love, attention, passion and of course the fundamental needs such as food and clothing. To young children, the parents represent the world around them. The parents teach youngsters the attitudes and ideals accepted by society.
Various other agents of socialization like the school transfer accumulated knowledge and techniques for society. The mass media perform an important function to reinforce culture and rules. It can also perspective norms by providing a false impression of contemporary society.
Shared ideals are essential to in shaping man behavior and lay down suggestions to appropriate behavior in society. Such definition to get accepted tendencies varies from a single society to a different. For example , in Western tradition, it is considered deviant, impolite and uncivilized to eat together with your hand. Nevertheless , in most Asian countries it is regarded as a usual to eat with your hand. A kid would for that reason through socialization be brought up in the context of approved norms and values in his society and become accepted as one of the members because particular group.
One way to demonstrate importance of socialization is to take into account cases of human solitude where the individuals have no contact whatsoever with other human beings. Circumstances such as Emperor Akbar's experiment in increasing children among deaf mutes, the little girl Genie who had been kept locked for years, Isabella the little woman from The country and the Midnapore children. From these cases it is very clear that with out socialization persons would bear little resemblance to human beings. They will not manage to become efficient members of society because of lack of expertise on acknowledged norms and values and due to lack of communication.
Relating to Functionalism, socialization can be an integral process, a means in unifying members of culture and keeping social order. Durkheim recognizes the answer to get social buy in opinion, the collective conscience consisting of common beliefs and sentiments. Only through the process of socialization the ordinaire conscience can be achieved. The moment values are internalized and institutionalized and behavior is organised in term of them the result is a stable system,...